Plant Chart

Super Husky Transplants Husky Transplant A/G Super Potted Liner
American Arborvitae-Thuja occidentalis var Affinity x x x
Austrian Pine-Pinus nigra x x x x
Balsam Fir(Canada Balsam and Eastern Fir)- Abies balsamea x x x
Bald Cypress x
Balsam Fir'Cooks' x
Balsam Fir'Nova Scotia' x x x x
Balsam Fir'Sheet Harbor' x x x x
Black Hills Spruce- Picea glauca densata x x x x
Blue Wonder Blue Spruce®- Picea pungens glauca var. "Van Sikes" x x x x
Bristlecone Pine- Pinus aristata x x x x
Canadian Hemlock- Tsuga canadensis x x x x
Colorado Blue Spruce 'Apache'- Picea pungens glauca var. 'Apache' x x x x
Colorado Blue Spruce 'Kaibab'- Picea pungens glauca var. 'Kaibab' x x x x
Concolor Fir 'Cibola' x x x x
Douglas Fir Blue - Pseudotsuga menziesii 'Glauca' x x x x
Douglas Fir Green 'BC' - Pseudotsuga menziesii x x x x
Dwarf Mugo Pine - Pinus mugo var. 'pumilio' x x x x
Eastern White Pine'NC' - Pinus strobe N.C. x x x x
Eastern White Pine - Pinus strobus x x x x
Jack Pine - Pinus banksiana x x x x
Limber Pine - Pinus flexilis x x x x
Norway Spruce - Picea abies Norway's are one of the fastest growing of all Spruces. x x x x
Oriental Spruce - Picea orientalis x x x x
Serbian Spruce - Picea omorika x x x
Spanish Scotch Pine - Pinus sylvestris var. 'Spanish' x x
White Spruce - Picea glauca x x x x
Canaan Fir - Abies balsamea var. 'phanerolipes' x x x
Deodar Cedar x x x
East Anglia Scotch Pine - Pinus sylvestris var. 'East Anglia' x x x
Eastern Red Cedar - Juniperus viginiana x x x
Fraser Fir 'Mt Rogers' x x
Fraser Fir 'Roan Mt' x x
French Blue Scotch Pine - Pinus sylvestris var. 'French Blue' x x x
Grand Fir - Abies grandis x x
Japanese Fir(Momi Fir) - Abies firma x x x
Korean Fir -Abies koreana x x x
Meyer Spruce - Picea meyeri x x x
Ponderosa Pine - Pinus ponderosa x x x
Red Pine - Pinus resinosa x x x
Scotch Highland Scotch Pine - Pinus sylvestris var. 'Scotland' x x
Southwestern White Pine - Pinus strobiformis x x x
Tamarack (American) Larch - Larix laricina x x x
Turkish Fir - Abies bornmuelleriana x
Virginia Pine -Pinus virginiana x x
Western Aborvitae - Thuja plicata x x
Baldcypress x
Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica x
Black Spruce - Picea mariana x x
Bur Oak - Quercus macrocarpa x
Canoe Birch (Paper) - Bertula papyrifera x
Common Lilac - Syringa vulgaris x
Concolor Fir 'Santa Fe' - Abies concolor x
Dawn Redwood - Metasequoia glyptostroboides x x
Eastern Redbud - Cersis canadensis x
Engelma Spruce - Picea engelmannii x
Heritage River Birch - Bertula nigra 'Heritage' x
Japanese Black Pine - Pinus thunbergii x x
Kousa Dogwood - Cornus kousa x
Nordman Fir 'Nikort' - Abies nordmanniana var. 'Nikort' x
Nordman Fir 'Tazrisi' - Abies nordmanniana var. 'Tazrisi' x
Northern Red Oak - Quercus rubra x
Pin Oak - Quercus palustrus x
Pitch Pine - Pinus rigida x
Purple Smoke Tree 'Improved Red' - Cotinus coggygria 'atropurpurea' x
Quaking Aspen - Populus tremuloides x
Red Maple - Acer rubrum x
Scarlet Oak - Quercus coccinea x
Serbian Spruce - Picea omorika x x

Accelerated Growth (A/G®) Jiffy® Plugs

What Is An Accelerated Growth Plug and
Why Should It Be Important to You?

We propagate only from seed in Jiffy Forestry pellets of different diameters and depth. We use diameters of 36mm and 50mm at the depth of 100mm. Our system utilizes air root pruning to develop many lateral roots for every tree. The open web bottom tray allows air to flow up around each plug to promote the air root pruning. This root pruning causes the tree to keep sending out more lateral roots in search of nutrients as it’s the lateral roots that forage for food and water. This repeated root pruning/new root shoots development causes many lateral roots in each pellet by season’s end. When transplanted, these lateral roots spread out quickly, 360 degrees from the root stem forging for nutrients and water from the surrounding soil. It is these lateral roots that drive fast top growth

Vans Pines climate-controlled greenhouse, home to over 2 million plugs a year, is a special world. Regulated heat, water, air, extended light and nutrients optimize growing conditions 24/7.

In just six months, Vans Pines a/g trees attain the size typical of 2-year-old field grown stock.


What's so Special About Accelerated Growth Plants? And How Are They Going to Grow Your Business Faster?

Crop Uniformity – Vans Pines Nursery’s total climate control regime produces a more uniform crop than field grown plants.

Continued Quicker Growth Habit – a/g trees tend to retain their quick growth habit, bearing cones and reaching mature height at an earlier age.

More Buds and Larger Buds– than field grown trees. More buds means more branches!

Terminal buds are up to 3 times larger – Larger buds = greater elongation at bud break!


What Are the Advantages of Vans Pines a/g Jiffy Plugs Over Bareroot Seedlings?


Superior 360° lateral root systems rapidly expand to anchor plants.

Amazing 1st season growth, often double or triple top height.

No transplant shock…superior survival…usually near 99%!

Vigorous growth quickly establishes plants to survive late season dry periods and tough sites.

Soft-walled, plantable plug containers deliver root protection during shipping, handling, planting.

Quick, easy planting by hand or machine.

Expanded planting window – Fall plant with confidence!







product-img.jpg Our 1 year Conifer A/G Jiffy Plugs are seeded directly into 100 mm deep Jiffy pellets of various sizes depending upon their future use. Once seeded they are grown on for the balance of their first season in our greenhouse or poly-house range. 1 Year Conifer Plugs are offered in 36mm and a few 50 mm sizes.

product-img.jpg Our 2 year Conifer A/G Jiffy Plugs are 1 year plugs deliberately grown on a second year in 100mm deep Jiffy plugs to accommodate the second year’s root growth without root crowding. These 36 mm or 50 mm Jiffy Plugs have larger-sized tops, plus heavier caliper and root mass than 1 year plugs.

product-img.jpg Our 1 year Deciduous A/G Jiffy Plugs are seeded into 50 mm Jiffy pellets and grown on for the balance of their first season in our greenhouse or polyhouse range. They are recommended for field lining out and reforestation. They are typically over 12 inches tall with good caliper. They grow very quickly, staying well above the competition.

Super Potted Liners

All the benefits of Vans Pines A/G Jiffy Plugs in a larger “plug” and top size!

Super Potted All our* Super potted liners are planted using our 1 and 2 year *A/G Jiffy pellets or a few 1 year husky transplants (*HX). Most selections are grown for 1 year with the slower growing selections grown a second season. Our 1 gallon and 3 gallon super potted liner containers are the benefits of our *A/G Jiffy pellets in an older, larger top size tree. Recently we have tried growing trees in the *Root Maker pots. They use air root pruning similar to the way our Jiffy pellets work. These pots definitely produce more and better root systems than conventional containers. At this time we only offer container grown contracts for trees grown in the *Root Maker containers. A refundable deposit (upon its return) is charged at shipping or pickup on the container itself. Another way Vans Pines Nursery is helping you grow your business faster.

Faster Crop Rotation is the #1 Reason Professional Growers Choose Vans Pines Super Potted Liners.

Many of our growers claim they can market their crop an average of 2 years faster – reducing production costs, lowering crop loss risk and increasing profits.

Vans Pines’ Super Potted Liners begin with a/g Jiffy Plugs transplanted into 1 or 3 gallon containers. They are grown up to 1-1/2 additional years in our production area while the a/g Jiffy Plug’s superior lateral root system greatly expands in this extra large container. These unsheared Plug+1 Potted Liners are suitable for container growing and field planting. As with all newly planted liners, proper weed control, irrigation& watering is still required.

No Transplant Shock!

Plant roots remain intact during shipping, handling and planting, allowing for immediate establishment and a faster growth rate! No transplant shock is a big factor in the success of Vans Super Potted Liners.

One Gallon Super Potted Liners in Poly House

Super Potted Liner container area

Spring Potting One Gallon Containers

Our Plants

Plant Information

Conifers

American Arborvitae—Thuja occidentalis var. Affinity

AKA as Northern White Cedar or Swamp cedar. They are a dense pyramidal tree with feather-like yellowish green needles that have a blunt tip. The Affinity selection is a USDA release selected for better ornamental form and greener winter color. These are good for windbreaks, hedges, wildlife habitat, lumber, and accent plants.

Dark Green Arborvitae — Thuja occidentalis var. “Dark Green”

This Arborvitae is vigorous pyramidal that develops a broad base. It has scale-like 1/12 inch foliage that remains dark green year-round. They are easy to shear and it is also insect and disease resistant. They make good windbreakers, ornamentals, and is ideal for hedges.

Emerald Beauty Arborvitae — Thuja occidentalis smaragd

The shape of this Arborviate is pyramidal cultivar and has year-round rich emerald green feathery spray of 1/12 inch foliage. It is excellent for ornamentals, hedges, and screens.

Green Giant Arborvitae — Thuja plicata var. “Green Giant”

This Thuja selection is a cross between T. Standish and T. plicata. It is fast growing to about 30-40 feet tall and it’s hardiness zone is 5-7. It stays narrow for it’s height and it is not green all year as foliage turns yellow-brown in winter months. These Arborvitae are excellent for hedges, screens, and specimens in the landscape.

Techny Arborvitae — Thuja occidentalis techny

The Techny Arborvitae is pyramidal in form with dark blue- green, feathery 1/12 inch year round foliage. It makes an ex cellent hedge plant, and is also good for wind-breaks and ornamentals.

Western Arborvitae—Thuja plicata

These trees tend to have a pyramidal form and are composed of strong wood with a long life span. Western Arborvitae’s are native to the N.W. and it is a major timber species. We also offer the selection “Green Giant” Grown from cuttings.

Baldcypress—Taxodium distinchum

These trees are a slender, pyramidal, deciduous conifer. Their branchlets are green in spring, yellowish green in summer, and a rich brown color in fall.

Eastern Red Cedar—Juniperus virginiana

These evergreens have a dense pyramidal shape and bear 2 forms of tiny evergreen leaves. One is sharp pointed and the other is awl-shaped. These remain on the branches 5-6 years, becoming browner every year. They are tolerant of extreme climates and almost any soil except distinctly swamp. Their lifespan is very long at around 200-300 years. They are commonly used for windbreaks, hedges, and topiaries, and the wood can be used for fence posts.

Deodara (Himalayan) Cedar—Cedrus deodara

This cedar has a broad, pyramidal form that becomes weepy. The foliage is blue to grayish green in color. This is a great specimen tree for any landscape.

Balsam Fir (Canada Balsam & Eastern Fir) - Abies balsamea

These trees have a symmetrical, pyramidal shape and are composed of soft, bright green needles. They also give off the nice fragrance of Christmas trees. This is a very popular Christmas tree selection and is highly used in landscaping.

Canaan Fir—Abies balsamea var. ‘phanerolepis’

A true fir, genetically intermediate between Fraser & Balsam. They may be more tolerant of wetter soil and drought conditions than Fraser Fir. Generally the Christmas tree of choice for growers that are struggling with growing, and are considered by some growers to be the best Fraser Fir look alike.

Concolor Fir—Abies concolor

Concolors are a majestic, dense, conical tree branched to the base. They are composed of silvery green foliage with bluish bands underneath. They have a silver trunk and they thrive best in deep, rich, moist loamy soil. They are tolerant of dry conditions as well. These trees come highly recommended and are excellent Christmas trees, or ornamental trees, and have good quality lumber. We also offer both Santa Fe and Cibola seed sources. These have a better blue color than Colorado seed sources. They are slightly slower growing and grow fewer multiple leaders.

Douglas fir, Green ‘BC’ - Pseudotsuga menziesii

These are dense, with a classic symmetrical shape. They are composed of small, soft, green needles and prefer moist, well-drained soil and good air circulation. They have a good resistance to pests and disease and make good Christmas trees, ornamental trees, or are good for hedging. They are totally resistant to Rhabdocline needle cast disease.

Douglas fir, Blue—Pseudotsuga menziesii ‘Glauca’

These firs have dense foliage of soft, flattened, pointed .5 to 1.5 inch blue tinged needles that grow all around the branch. They have a classic symmetrical shape and prefer moist, well-drained soil and good air circulation. They also transport and shear well and make great Christmas and ornamental trees as well as being good for hedging, windbreak, or lumber. These trees are very susceptible to Rhabdocline needle cast disease.

Fraser Fir (Southern Balsam Fir, She-Balsam) - Abies fraseri

These firs have dense foliage of soft, flattened, pointed .5 to 1.5 inch blue tinged needles that grow all around the branch. They have a classic symmetrical shape and prefer moist, well-drained soil and good air circulation. They also transport and shear well and make great Christmas and ornamental trees as well as being good for hedging, windbreak, or lumber. These trees are very susceptible to Rhabdocline needle cast disease.

Fraser Fir (Southern Balsam Fir, She-Balsam) - Abies fraseri

Fraser’s are a pyramidal evergreen from the Appalachians, (N.C. & W. Virginia). They have horizontal branching with shiny dark green .5 to 1 inch long, flat needles with round tips. They are intolerant of hot, dry places and need well drained soil. They make good Christmas Trees. They are very susceptible to root rot diseases but it is still a favorite Christmas tree in the USA.

Grand Fir—Abies grandis

These trees have a narrow, conical shape and are composed of needles that are dark green, glossy, and have a white band underneath. The needles are spread on either side of the shoot. The trunks are about 4-5 feet. These firs make great Christmas trees and can also be used for timber. They are suitable for landscaping as it is quite shade tolerant.

Japanese Fir (Momi Fir) - Abies firma

Japanese Fir’s have sharp, prickly, dark green needles. They prefer full sun and moist well-drained soil and are very resistant to root rot diseases. They are also a favorite under stock for grafting of many Fir selections.

Korean Fir—Abies koreana

Korean Fir’s are composed of a graceful, pyramidal shape. They are also characterized by abundant bright purple cones. This Fir is a fast grower in our nursery, keeping up with the Concolor and Balsam Firs. They have good root systems and transplant readily.

Nordmann Fir—Abies nordmanniana var. ‘Bakhmaro’
Nordmann Fir—Abies nordmanniana var. ‘Nikort’
Nordmann Fir—Abies nordmanniana var. ‘Tazrisi’

These fir’s are densely branched from the ground up. They have shiny dark green needles with a whitish color underneath. They make good ornamental trees and are an excellent species for Christmas trees. Although these Firs are a slow grower our selections are high elevation to prevent winter burn/winter kill. The Ambolaria selections we tried did not survive our winters.

Turkish Fir—Abies bornmuelleriana

The needles on the Turkish Fir are long, dark, and green. These trees tolerate dry conditions and are resistant to Root Rot. They are slow growing and prefer full sun, and lower soils.

Canadian Hemlock—Tsuga Canadensis

These hemlock’s are a graceful pendulous evergreen with cinnamon red bark. They have small, soft lustrous green needles with a silver underside. They make great ornamental trees, and are also great for hedges and for wildlife habitat. This native is very shade tolerant and prefers north slopes or other ‘cool’ sites.

Tamarack (American) Larch—Larix laricina

These are native to North America and have a narrow conical form. They are blue-green to light green, and are bright yellow in the fall just before losing their needles. They thrive in low, wet sites.

Austrian Pine—Pinus nigra

Austrian Pine’s have a rugged, dense pyramidal shape. Pairs of 4-6 inch long, dark green needles grow on stout, spreading branch- es. They can grow in heavy clay to light, sandy areas and are very tolerant of smoke, soot and salt. They make great Christmas trees and are also good for screening and windbreaks. These Pines are planted extensively along freeways because of their salt tolerance.

Bristlecone Pine—Pinus aristata

The needles on the Bristlecone Pine are short bluish green needles that are in groups of five. They are one of the oldest living plants and make superb Bonsai.

Dwarf Mugo Pine—Pinus mugo var. ‘pumilio’

This is a prostrate form of Mugo Pine and they have 1-2 inch rigid, green needles. They are easy to grow and require little care. They form low-growing mounds with shearing and are used as ornamental trees in many landscapes.

Eastern White Pine—Pinus strobus

These pines are pyramidal, forming a graceful, plume-like crown with horizontal branches at maturity. The needles are soft, light green and are in clusters of five. They are shade tolerant native and grow well in a wide range of soil types. They make great Christmas and ornamental trees, and are also good for wind- breaks and wildlife habitats.

Jack Pine—Pinus banksiana

These trees pairs of 1-2 inch olive green needles. They transplant easily and grow well even on difficult or droughty sites, being useful even on the poorest lands. They are great windbreaks, wildlife habitats, wood pulp and for mass plantings. They are grown widely in Michigan for the pulp industry and are often on very poor soils.

Japanese Black Pine—Pinus thunbergii

Japanese Black Pines are a dense, large tree that have 2.5 to 7 inch long twisted dark green needles in pairs on stout twisted branches. They are salt tolerant and are excellent on poor sandy soils. They are also useful for dune reclamation and windbreaks in maritime areas. The Japanese Black Pine is often used in Japanese gardens because of their unusual form.

Limber Pine—Pinus flexilis

This pine’s native range is from the Canadian to the Mexican borders. It is named ‘limber pine’ for its tough wood that is resistant to mountain winds. The shape is conical, which then becomes rounded with age. The rounded dome can be as broad as an oak’s. It has dark green needles in thick tufts that shed every 5-6 years. The cones are 3-10inches long and are purplish with rounded scales. Narrow wings surround the seeds which drop in September and the bark is dark gray, and becomes deeply fur- rowed with age.

Pitch Pine—Pinus rigida

Young trees on open ground may be rounded and symmetrical whereas older trees develop irregular crowns of gnarled branches. The bark is reddish brown and furrowed. The needles are 3-8 inches long and are stiff, yellowish green that becomes darker in the second year. The needles are in groups of 3. The cones are prickly, stemless, and black and are in clusters that persist on trees for several years. They are rich in pitch or resin and make great firewood. They prefer rocky, sandy regions and are toler- ant of poor soil. They are useful for dune reclamation.

Ponderosa Pine—Pinus ponderosa

These pines have needles that reach 18 inches early on and 9 inches when mature. There are 3 needles per fascicle and the cones are cylindrical in shape reaching 10 inches in length. These pines are great for timber and are a good ornamental landscape tree but it does not tolerate air pollution, especially sulfur dioxide or salts.

Red Pine—Pinus resinosa

This pine is a native tree and has a symmetrically oval crown of tufted foliage. They are composed of 4-6 inch long slender, dark green needles that are in pairs. They are very tolerant of sandy dry soils and exposed sites. These pines are excellent for refor- estation, windbreaks, and Christmas trees. They are planted ex- tensively in Michigan for pulp.

Scotch Pine—Pinus sylvestris var. ‘East Anglia’

This type of Scotch Pine is a pyramidal evergreen, which is umbrella-shaped at maturity. The needles are medium in length and retain their green color. They grow in dry locations, shears well, and is lightweight at harvest. This tree is a favorite for Christmas tree growers; for ornamental, windbreaks, and lumber.

Scotch Pine — Pinus sylvestris var. ‘French Blue’

This pine is a well shaped hardy pine with short needles that grow in pairs. They have good needle retention and a nice blue- green winter color. These pines also have good branching habits and shears well.

Scotch Pine — Pinus sylvestris var. ‘Scotland’

This pyramidal evergreen is umbrella shaped at maturity and is composed of long green needles. It shears well and is excellent as a Christmas tree, for ornamentals, and lumber.

Scotch Pine — Pinus sylvestris var. ‘Spanish’

This pyramidal evergreen, is umbrella shaped at maturity and is composed of short, blue-green needles. They are excellent for Christmas trees, ornamentals, or lumber.

Southwestern White Pine—Pinus strobiformis

The needles on this White Pine range from 2.5-3.5 inches long and are dark bluish-green in color that are in clusters of 5. This pine is an adaptable Rocky Mountain native that grows well from Michigan to the Mexican border. It is good for Christmas trees or for ornamentals.

Virginia Pine—Pinus virginiana

Virginia pine is pyramidal, becoming flat-topped at maturity. The needles are green and are 1.5-3 inches long in pairs. They grow well from Michigan to the Gulf of Mexico and are also adaptable from poor dry soils to heavy clay soils where nothing else will grow. These Pines are grown as a Christmas tree in southern states and are also used for timber.

White Pine (Eastern) - Pinus strobes N.C.

This pine is pyramidal, forming a graceful, plume-like crown with horizontal branches at maturity. The needles are soft, light green and found in clusters of five. They are shade tolerant natives that grow well in a wide variety of soil types. They are great for Christmas trees, ornamentals, windbreaks, and wildlife habitat. Our seed source is N. Carolina and these grow just slightly faster than our native W. Pine.

Dawn Redwood—Metasequoia glyptostroboides

These redwoods are a large, graceful pyramidal deciduous conifer. They have a fluted trunk with bright green, lace-like deciduous foliage. They need full sun and are great for orna- mental, and also provides excellent lumber. These Redwoods are not drought tolerant and often grow best on a stream bank.

Black Spruce—Picea mariana

This spruce is slender and conical with short bluish green needles. It does well in colder areas and does best in moist, acidic soils. It is commonly used for timber. This Michigan native will tolerate wet to dry sights and is a very fast grower.

Black Hills Spruce—Picea glauca densata

Black Hills is denser and shapelier than White Spruce. It has dark blue-green, 1/2 inch, crowded needles and is commonly used as Christmas or ornamental trees, as well as windbreaks and borders. This Spruce makes excellent mini Christmas trees as it naturally keeps a pyramidal, dense shape. Its bark is black and it grows 1/2 as fast as W. Spruce.

Blue Wonder Blue Spruce—Picea pungens glauca var. ‘Van Sikes’

This Spruce is a selected strain from the Colorado Rockies. The needles are 95% blue in color. Marion Van Slooten and Jack Sikes worked tirelessly for 20 years to develop this selection. Some of the criteria needed to select this seed source were needle color, medium growth rate, hardy leader bud, symmetrical branching, and uniform growth in the fields. This is the best selection for container growing as it has a very uniform look from container to container.

Colorado Blue Spruce—Picea pungens glauca var. ‘Apache’

This evergreen is dense and conical with stout, prickly 3/4 to 1 1/4 inch needles that are bluish-green to bright silvery blue in color. It is adaptable, prefers rich moist soil in full sun but also thrives on dry, well-drained sites. These trees are commonly used as Christmas and ornamental trees, as well as windbreaks. We use this seed source when looking for all colors from green to blue shimmer. It has a fast growth rate with much blue color.

Colorado Blue Spruce—Picea pungens glauca var. ‘Kaibab’

Somewhat slower growing but good blue color. These trees are commonly used as Christmas and ornamental trees, as well as windbreaks.

Engelman Spruce—Picea engelmannii

This is a hardy spruce tree that has stiff, blue-green to silvery blue needles that are densely compact. They have 2 inch long cones that drop seed annually. This Spruce also has thin, beautiful bark and is an excellent tree for ornamental or lumber. This Spruce looks like a Colorado Blue Spruce with it’s narrow form.

Meyer Spruce—Picea meyeri

Meyer Spruce trees are the perfect shape and requires minimal shearing. They have a late bud break and tolerates most soil conditions. The needles are blue-green in color. The Meyer Spruce looks like a fat Colorado Blue Spruce when young with less blue color.

Norway Spruce—Picea abies

Norway’s are one of the fastest growing of all spruces. They are an extremely attractive, pyramidal evergreen with strong, distinctive sweeping branches to the ground. The needles are a shiny green and are 1/2 to 1 inch long and flat with annual whorls. They grow on moist sites except in sour or water-soaked soil. They are great for Christmas or ornamental trees as well as windbreaks. These Spruces are currently the most popular and widely used ornamental evergreen in the USA.

Oriental Spruce—Picea orientalis

This Spruce is a slow growing Spruce that is native to Asia. It has short yellow-green needles and tight branching. It is a beautiful ornamental landscape tree and is much under utilized in the USA.

Serbian Spruce—Picea omorika

Serbian’s are a graceful, pyramidal evergreen with drooping branches. They have soft 1/2 to 1 inch dark blue-green needles that are silver underneath. The symmetrical growth requires little or no shearing and are great for Christmas or ornamental trees. Serbian’s grow on most soils and are easily transplanted. Some seed sources winter burn in Michigan, but we used a hardy source from Yugoslavia. 

White Spruce—picea glauca

The White Spruce is native of northern US and Canada. It is an adaptable pyramidal evergreen with dense bluish green 1/2 to 3/4 inch needles that go completely around the twig. It withstands wind, cold, drought, and crowding and resembles the Colorado Blue Spruce. White Spruce is a favorite for ornamentals, mass planting, hedges, windbreaks, Christmas trees, and pulp- wood. They are extensively planted in Canada for timber.

Quaking Aspen—Populus tremuloides

Quaking Aspen has a narrow, columnar shape with a smooth, pale greenish white bark on young trees which darkens to gray. They have fuzzy gray catkins with shades of olive & rose in March -April and silky leaves that unroll revealing pink and silver tones, which mature to lustrous bright green. They have simple, alternate, almost round leaves that are attached by long pliant stems which catch every hint of breeze. They do well on sandy or rocky soils and are great for landscape trees and are also used for pulp- wood. Our seed comes from Native Stands in Colorado.

Canoe Birch (Paper) - Betula papyrifera

This well known tree is noted for its natural beauty in summer and winter alike. It has dark green leaves that change to yellow in the fall. The striking white colored bark peels into paper-like layers. They are native to Michigan and were used by Native Americans and early settlers to make Birch bark canoes.

Heritage River Birch—Betula nigra

This handsome tree has a colorful, bronze shaggy bark with lustrous green, diamond-shaped leaves. It is Borer resistant and extremely robust. They do well in all locations. These are often grown with multi stems (clump Birch) and are used extensively in landscapes.

Eastern Redbud—Cercis Canadensis

This tree is wide spreading and is spring flowering. The leaves change from purple to green to yellow by fall. It adapts to full sun or light shade. It is great for ornamental, and is excellent for conservation. It is browsed by white-tailed deer, and it’s seeds are eaten by birds. They are an excellent spring flowering, medium sized, shade tolerant landscape tree.

Kousa Dogwood—Cornus kousa

This handsome small specimen tree or shrub has a rounded form with stiff horizontal branching. It is composed of dark green foliage and then scarlet foliage in autumn. They have larger white flowers than the species variety and have an edible white or red fruit in the fall.

Black Gum—Nyssa Sylvatica

This beautiful native is pyramidal in shape and becomes irregular when older. It has a tall, slender trunk with short ridged, full-twigged, horizontal, pendulous branches. The bark is rough and a dark gray in color. The leaves are 2-4inches long and are a lustrous dark green which turns yellow then orange scarlet and finally purple in the fall. It is also the first tree to show fall colors. Black berries in September are favored by wildlife.

Common Lilac—Syringa vulgaris

The Common Lilac has bright green foliage with showy panicles of extremely fragrant purple flowers in May. Nice, easy-to-grow ornamental shrub. Understock for rarer Lilacs and they are very hardy and drought tolerant.

Black Maple — Acer nigrum

This Maples is an upright, oval to round shaped tree with dark green leaves similar, but a little larger than Sugar Maple. They have an excellent fall color and the sap can be boiled down for Maple Syrup. They are often confused with Sugar Maple as it also has fall seeds. This is an outstanding Native Tree.

Red Maple—Acer rubrum

Red Maple has a rounded head formed of short, numerous branches that are resistant to wind. It lives up to its name in every season. In early spring blunt red buds appear against brown twigs, and clusters of small red flowers hang from reddish twigs. Reddish unfolding leaves gradually turn green, paler underneath, with triangular lobes and small teeth, but the veins and leafstalks retain their reddish tint all summer. Ripening fruit (seed clusters) are also red and they continue to be a brilliant red fall color. Scarlet, knotty, full-budded twigs contrast with gray bark during the winter. It is tolerant of most soils from wetlands to rocky uplands or lime soils. They are excellent shade ornamental and street trees and also for wildlife habitat. They are also planted for timber in reforestation projects as it tolerates shade and grows very fast. Hundreds of ornamental selections budded for the nursery trade.

Sugar Maple—Acer saccharum

This is an outstanding native shared tree with hairy yellow clusters of flowers in late spring. They have dark green, broad leaves with 5 shallow lobes and toothed. The leaves turn yellow to orange to fiery red in fall and the gray bark forms plates which become flaky with age. Hundreds of ornamental selections budded for the nursery trade. It grows in most soil types and the sap is used for maple syrup. Great for ornamental, lumber, and wildlife habitats.

Bur Oak—Quercus mocrocarpa

This is a very distinctive Oak with masses of corky twigs and broad, rounded, thick branches and broad, lobed leaves. It is a rugged tree with deeply furrowed, grayish brown bark. It is named for it’s scaly, hairy, deep cups on its large acorns. They tolerate pollution well, and have a valuable close-grained wood. They are great for wildlife.

Northern Red Oak —Quercus rubra

This is a wide, massive, long-lived shade tree with dark brown bark and lustrous green leaves that change to russet red in the fall. It has large, round acorns with shallow tops and tolerates city conditions. It makes for an excellent street or yard tree and has valuable lumber. It is also great for wildlife food and shelter.

Pin Oak —Quercus palustrus

This oak has a pyramidal outline and small numerous branches that make this the ‘Beautiful Lady’ of the Oak family. The leaves are dark, glossy green, and scarlet in the fall. Small acorns feed birds and animals. It transplants easily and adapts to most soils. It tolerates city conditions and is commonly used as an ornamental shade tree and also for wildlife food and habitat.

Scarlet Oak —Quercus coccinea

Scarlet Oak has a tapering, open-crowned. It is similar to Pin Oak, but is more rounded at maturity. It has a dark, fissured bark and is scarlet in the fall. It prefers dry, sandy soil and has medium sized acorns. They are of a smaller size and slower growing than the Red Oak.

Shingle Oak — Quercus imbricaria

Shingle Oak has an upright-oval to pyramidal shape with alternate, simple leaves that are red in color at first and change to a dark green in summer, and proceeds into yellow-brown to red in the fall.

Swamp White Oak —Quercus bicolor

This Oak is well adapted to wet, poorly drained sites often found on moist bottom lands along stream banks. It has a dark brown to black, coarsely ridged bark. It contains 5-6 inch long, irregularly, shallowly lobed or bluntly toothed leaves with hairy undersides that turn yellow in the fall. They are the best fall color of the large Oaks. They have 1 inch acorns in pairs are found on a stalk. This Oak makes for good lumber for furniture and flooring. It is also a great wildlife habitat and the acorns are enjoyed by both birds and mammals.

Purple Smoke Tree ‘Improved Red’ —Cotinus coggygria ‘atropurpurea’

This tree is multi-stemmed and has green to purple foliage. The pubescent hairs create its distinctive smoky ‘flower’ display. It is great as an ornamental or for mass plantings. Our seed source is a third generation orchard selection with 95% purple colored leaves.

RootMaker® Pots

New this season at Vans Pines Nursery… ROOTMAKER® POTS

New at Vans Pines this year are trees grown in 1 gal. and 3 gal. RootMaker® pots.

The RootMaker® pots produce many more roots than conventional pots by using a design that promotes air root pruning which in turn produces many more fibrous root tips.

These fibrous root tips are more efficient in water and nutrient take-up thus increasing growth rate, vigor and branching. This is very similar to how Jiffy Forestry plugs work. These plugs have porous netting for side walls allowing 360 degree air root pruning, and the root pruning leads to increased fibrous lateral roots which results in much faster growth.

Get greater transplant success and long term tree vigor!

The RootMaker® pots similarity to Jiffy plugs in utilizing air root pruning is what got our attention, and it’s why we decided to try them. We only have a limited selection, but will start methodically producing more liners using RootMaker pots which are coded RM (Root-Maker), RM3 (Rootmaker 3 gallon) and RMS (RootMaker Square).


Root Pouch® Containers

This last season, we tried the Root Pouch® brand of fabric pots. The fabric is similar to the material used as a weed barrier in landscaping. The fabric allows air and water to freely pass thru but not the roots as they are root pruned when they touch the fabric. We tried using the 1 gallon size on several evergreens of Pine, Spruce, Fir and Hemlock along with several deciduous of Birch, Oak, Redbud and Dogwood. We potted these up in mid-July and all items seem to grow better in the Root Pouch® pots than our regular plastic 1 gallon pots. The evergreen growth was slightly better than our regular pots but the deciduous growth was much more dramatic with growth 25-35% more top growth. We are going to continue experimenting with different sizes and different selections. Right now we have a limited offering in the Root Pouch®. Because the costs are about double the plastic 1 gallon, we are offering contract grow opportunities using the Root Pouch®. Another feature is that you can plant directly into the field as the fabric will break down once they are planted in the ground. We are going to test this feature over the next season. All in all we think the Root Pouch® has a place in our nursery container growing operation and offer contract growing opportunities. Ask your sales representative for details.

Husky Transplant

We transplant our (A/G®) Jiffy® Plugs into 8 row / 4 inch center field beds and grow them for a full season.

Plug+1 transplants *Vans Husky are grown in field beds using 1 and 2 year old *A/G Jiffy pellets. These trees quickly develop an extensive lateral root system that pushes top growth to make them double their original top size. These transplants have such massive roots that most selections need to be root pruned (bottom 1/3 of roots) to make transplanting by machine or by hand easier. Vans *Jumbo Husky transplants (plug+2 are the same trees as our *Husky transplants only grown on for 1 more year. This second growing season produces larger tops, heavier caliper and increased root mass. These tall transplants are typically 1’ – 3’ tall depending on species. They require some root pruning (1/3 bottom of root) as the roots are as long as the tops are tall. Normally a hole 8” diameter or more will work and for mechanical transplants a shoe 4” or wider. While these transplants typically go thru transplant shock like all bare root stock, modest top growth of 4” – 10” can be expected under normal transplant conditions. Vans plug+1 and plug+2 transplants, another way Vans Pines Nursery is helping you grow your business faster.


The plugs quickly develop an extensive root system, pushing tops to more than double their original size.


Three PROVEN reasons to choose Vans Pines Bareroot Transplants


Better Beginnings.

Started from our A/G Jiffy Plugs whose 360 lateral root systems greatly expand for healthy bottoms to support your tree.


Age & Vitality.

1-2 years younger for their size than stock started in field seedbeds, their youth equates to more vigor and faster growth.


Hardiness.

Their lateral roots and youth combine with the excellent feeder roots developed in our light sandy soil to provide quicker start-up with minimal transplant shock and better survival rates.


Jumbo Husky Tansplants

Jumbo Husky Transplants are our Husky Transplants grown for a second full season.


Jumbo_HuskyPlug+1 transplants *Vans Husky are grown in field beds using 1 and 2 year old *A/G Jiffy pellets. These trees quickly develop an extensive lateral root system that pushes top growth to make them double their original top size. These transplants have such massive roots that most selections need to be root pruned (bottom 1/3 of roots) to make transplanting by machine or by hand easier. Vans *Jumbo Husky transplants (plug+2 are the same trees as our *Husky transplants only grown on for 1 more year. This second growing season produces larger tops, heavier caliper and increased root mass. These tall transplants are typically 1’ – 3’ tall depending on species. They require some root pruning (1/3 bottom of root) as the roots are as long as the tops are tall. Normally a hole 8” diameter or more will work and for mechanical transplants a shoe 4” or wider. While these transplants typically go thru transplant shock like all bare root stock, modest top growth of 4” – 10” can be expected under normal transplant conditions. Vans plug+1 and plug+2 transplants, another way Vans Pines Nursery is helping you grow your business faster



Three PROVEN reasons to choose Vans Pines Bareroot Transplants


Better Beginnings.

Started from our A/G Jiffy Plugs whose 360 lateral root systems greatly expand for healthy bottoms to support your tree.


Age & Vitality.

1-2 years younger for their size than stock started in field seedbeds, their youth equates to more vigor and faster growth.


Hardiness.

Their lateral roots and youth combine with the excellent feeder roots developed in our light sandy soil to provide quicker start-up with minimal transplant shock and better survival rates.


American Beach Grass

American_Beach_Grass.jpg

*Vans American Native Beach grass is established on the shores of the lakes throughout the great lakes basin from Duluth MN to Buffalo NY. When we first started transplanting beach grass, in the 1950’s, in MI we harvested the grass from dunes near the lake MI shoreline as demand grew for grass we established our own field beds. We now have about 10 acres which we harvest on a 2 or 3 year cycle. Generally 2 growing seasons produces the quantity and quality of culms we need for our customers. The younger nursery plants are more vigorous and with better survival rates than the larger older mother plants. Because the younger plants also produce more daughter plants, they usually establish continuous cover of the dune area sooner. Overall nursery produced beach grass is more vigorous than those collected from old stands. Vans American Beach grass can be planted on the northern one half of the Atlantic coast and has been planted successfully on the Pacific NW coast.

Vans ‘Cape’ American Beach grass was selected out from natural stands on Cape Cod, MA. The USDA, thru its plant materials center, managed by the NRCS at Cape May NJ, spent many years developing the ‘Cape’ selection using the comparative observation evaluation process. After the testing and evaluation the selected grass was released to the public thru commercial nurseries under the name of ‘Cape” in recognition of its place of origin. We started propagating the ‘Cape’ selection in 1973 and got our starter ‘Cape’ plants from the Cape May plant material center. While the ‘Cape’ selection was specifically developed for the Atlantic coast from Maine to N. Carolina it also grows vigorously in the Great Lakes basin.


CAPE BEACH GRASS - Ammophila Breviligulata

A USDA Release, this is a blue-green, salt tolerant strain of American Beach Grass reaching a height of 3 feet. A robust plant with a fast growth rate and rapid spread, this hefty plant reduces wind velocity near the ground – good for erosion control on low fertility, sandy soils.


VANS NATIVE BEACH GRASS – Ammophila Breviligulata

Native to the Great Lakes area, this green variety grows up to 3 feet high.



Spacing Guide - Beach Grass


High Erosion Areas

Flat or moderate slopes

Flat, NO wind or water erosion

Plant Spacing

6 in. x 6 in.

12 in. x 12 in.

18 in. x 18 in.

Plants Per 1,000 sq.ft.

4,000

1,000

500



Planting Season for Dune Grass

Fall is the best time: October 15 to soil freeze up

Spring: 2nd best time is first thing in the spring till May 15th. (There is not a warranty beyond this date).

Generally we can harvest by October 15, however, if the weather is warm and dry we would delay until November 1st. It’s best if we get one or two frosts before fall harvest.

In spring, the grass is dormant at harvest and all the life of the grass is in the root stolens. Blades of the grass usually emerge 3 to 4 weeks after planting. We will not warranty grass delivered after May 15 as June weather often is hot and dry. Always plant 10 inches or more deep so the grass can survive a dry, hot summer.

Planting Tips: For slopes, always plant from the top down so you do not have to walk through the planted grass.

If possible, plant immediately after a rain as wet sand will maintain the hold…dry sand fills it in.

Generally, Dune Grass does well without fertilizer, however, it can help early spring root growth. Broad Cast urea at 50-75lbs. actual Nitrogen per acre one time right after planting.

Nursery Seeds

Globally Sourced…We Handle Everything

Vans Pines sources quality seed the world over, and you reap the benefits. This is seed yxou can count on… seed you can trust!

Leave the agricultural inspection, paperwork and quarantines to us.



Tree & Shrub Seed

Sold in 1 lb. increments.

Minimum order is 1 lb. per variety.

Shipped in season as seeds mature.

Refer to current Catalog (page 15) and current inventory for specific seeds available at this time.


Call for details.

1-800-888-7337


Early Bird Discount does not apply to seed

Packaging & Handling: add 10% of list price ($5 minimum).

Est. shipping: $10.50 for 1st pound – for each additional pound, add $2.

No plant material released without proper packaging.4

Planting Aids

Everything you need to grow your business faster

Pottiputki Planting Tube

Soil Plug Extractor

Vans Water Gel

Single Planting Bag

Deluxe Planting Bag System

Treeshelters

Tree Mats

Mat Staples

Tree-Gro 2 Year Fertilizer Tablets

Refer to the current Catalog (page 21) for full information on outstanding high quality planting tools and supplies offered by Vans Pines Nursery.

View Our Planting Guide